British Camp Fire Girls WW1 1920s -1970s

This blog page lists my posts about the short-lived British version of the Camp Fire Girls movement.

This existed in Britain from mid WW1 and its formal start in 1921 until the late 1960s just into the early 1970s. Little is now published or remembered about this youth movement.

Uniform Reference

Press Coverage Research by decade

1920s Press coverage

1930s press coverage

1940s – 1960s coverage.

Ruth Clark (“Minobi”) Camp Fire Training for Girls, 1919 in parts

British Camp Fire Girls – The Founders

The founder in Britain was Margaret Ann Backhouse, helped by others such as M.H. Helen Clegg, Norah Ackerley and many Camp Fire Guardians (adult leaders). Birmingham and the Midlands was a core area despite the National Headquarters being in London but groups existed nationwide across England.

Margaret Ann Backhouse and Norah Ackerley

Margaret Ann Backhouse and Edith Kempthorne USA

EJO Elsie J. Oxenham, writer and Camp Fire Guardian

Camp Fire Girls Handbooks – see also the USA versions

My 1925 British Camp Fire Girls handbook

My 1933 Camp Fire Girls HandbookPost to be added

Other sources

Dr. Sian Roberts – academic study

Cultural Appropriation Issues

Ceremonial gown dress, symbolism and ‘Cultural Appropriation’ issues about Native American Culture